The Beautiful Diamond
The beautiful diamond is the most intriguing gemstone on earth. It is formed in the Earth's interior and shot to the surface by extraordinary
volcanoes. It is likely the oldest gemstone you'll ever own,
probably 3 to 10 billion years in age, about two thirds the age of
the Earth or older.
It is native carbon in isometric crystals, often octahedrons
(a geometric figure or crystal with 8 faces), and rounded edges. Its
physical properties make this gem the ultimate mineral in several
ways such as, hardness and the perfect "10", which, defines the top of the hardness scale.
This gem is very exotic. When it is cut to good proportions, light is refracted from one facet to another, then dispersed through to the top. It's size is defined by the weight, which is expressed
The larger this gem is, the rarer it is, the higher the price is per carat. It is graded by highly professional graders that uses the 4C's, cut, carat, clarity, and color to rate the gem for
buyers. The best professionals in the world for gem grading are the
experts at the Gemological Institute of America (GIA).
GIA developed the 4C's and the International Diamond Grading System, which
is the grading standard adopted by professional jewelers around the world.
Before this gemstone is graded it is first hunted and searched for by Miners.
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