The Beautiful Diamond

The beautiful diamond is the most intriguing gemstone on earth. It is formed in the Earth's interior and shot to the surface by extraordinary volcanoes. It is likely the oldest gemstone you'll ever own, probably 3 to 10 billion years in age, about two thirds the age of the Earth or older.

It is native carbon in isometric crystals, often octahedrons (a geometric figure or crystal with 8 faces), and rounded edges. Its physical properties make this gem the ultimate mineral in several ways such as, hardness and the perfect "10", which, defines the top of the hardness scale.

Many diamonds

This gem is very exotic. When it is cut to good proportions, light is refracted from one facet to another, then dispersed through to the top. It's size is defined by the weight, which is expressed in carats.

The larger this gem is, the rarer it is, the higher the price is per carat. It is graded by highly professional graders that uses the 4C's, cut, carat, clarity, and color to rate the gem for buyers. The best professionals in the world for gem grading are the experts at the Gemological Institute of America (GIA).

diamonds on white

GIA developed the 4C's and the International Diamond Grading System, which is the grading standard adopted by professional jewelers around the world. Before this gemstone is graded it is first hunted and searched for by Miners.

tools used to grade

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